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Stem Cell Treatment for Hearing Loss is Available at ASCI

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Related Articles Mechanism study of laser cochleostomy-induced early hearing loss in a rat model. Lasers Med Sci. 2014 Mar;29(2):739-47 Authors: Ye Q, Geng Y, Zhang XZ, Chen WL, Tian TJ, Xie SS, Huang Z Abstract Hearing loss following laser-assisted ear surgery has been reported. However, the mechanism responsible for the hearing loss remains largely speculative. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between laser-induced hearing loss and changes in the number of hair cell ribbon synapses and ultrastructure in the cochlea. Laser cochleostomy was performed with a superpulsed carbon dioxide (CO2) laser at 2 and 5 W in Sprague-Dawley rats. Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were measured preoperatively and 2 days after surgery. The synapse numbers in apical and middle cochlear turns were quantified. Transmission electron microscopy was employed to further examine the subcellular changes in the cochlea. Click and tonal ABR threshold shifts in both 2 and 5-W groups displayed a frequency-dependent loss within the frequency range measured. Laser cochleostomy induced a significant decrease of synapse numbers in the middle turn in both groups (p < 0.05). Electron microscopy data indicated varying degrees of auditory nerve degeneration in both groups. Auditory nerve degeneration might contribute to laser-caused hearing loss even under low-energy laser cochleostomy. The high-energy laser-induced hearing loss was associated with more reduction of synapse number. PMID: 23912777 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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