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Stem Cell Treatments for Heart Disease is an Option

Stem Cell Treatment for Heart Disease

Cardiovascular diseases remain the biggest cause of deaths worldwide, though over the last two decades, cardiovascular mortality rates have declined in many high-income countries but have increased at an astonishingly fast rate in low- and middle-income countries. The percentage of premature deaths from cardiovascular disease range from 4% in high-income countries to 42% in low-income countries. More than 17 million people died from cardiovascular diseases in 2008. Each year, heart disease kills more Americans than cancer. In recent years, cardiovascular risk in women has been increasing and has killed more women than breast cancer.

Measures to prevent cardiovascular disease may include:

  • Keeping unapposed simple carbohydrates under control, no matter what type: fruit, bread, dairy, etc.
  • decrease emotional stress, or how you react to the environment (traffic, work, deadlines, lifestyle, etc.)
  • a low fat high fiber diet including whole grains and plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables (at least five portions a day)
  • a diet high in complex vegetables and colorful fruit
  • tobacco cessation;
  • limit alcohol consumption;
  • lower blood pressures if elevated through diet and exercise;
  • decrease body fat (BMI);
  • increase daily activity to 30 minutes of any kind of exercise per day at least five times per week

Stem Cell Heart Disease

A fairly recent emphasis is on the link between low-grade inflammation that hallmarks atherosclerosis and its possible interventions. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a common inflammatory marker that has been found to be present in increased levels in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease. Also osteoprotegerin which is involved with regulation of a key inflammatory transcription factor called NF-κB has been found to be a risk factor of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Studies have shown that Stem Cells have shown the ability to reduce inflammation.

Stem Cell Treatments for Heart Disease is an Option at ASCI

Streaming NIH Database:

Potential Role of Exosomes in Mending a Broken Heart: Nanoshuttles Propelling Future Clinical Therapeutics Forward. Stem Cells Int. 2017;2017:5785436 Authors: Dougherty JA, Mergaye M, Kumar N, Chen CA, Angelos MG, Khan M Abstract Stem cell transplantation therapy is a promising adjunct for regenerating damaged heart tissue; however, only modest improvements in cardiac function have been observed due to poor survival of transplanted cells in the ischemic heart. Therefore, there remains an unmet need for therapies that can aid in attenuating cardiac damage. Recent studies have demonstrated that exosomes released by stem cells could serve as a potential cell-free therapeutic for cardiac repair. These exosomes/nanoshuttles, once thought to be merely a method of waste disposal, have been shown to play a crucial role in physiological functions including short- and long-distance intercellular communication. In this review, we have summarized studies demonstrating the potential role of exosomes in improving cardiac function, attenuating cardiac fibrosis, stimulating angiogenesis, and modulating miRNA expression. Furthermore, exosomes carry an important cargo of miRNAs and proteins that could play an important role as a diagnostic marker for cardiovascular disease post-myocardial infarction. Although there is promising evidence from preclinical studies that exosomes released by stem cells could serve as a potential cell-free therapeutic for myocardial repair, there are several challenges that need to be addressed before exosomes could be fully utilized as off-the-shelf therapeutics for cardiac repair. PMID: 29163642 [PubMed]
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